More than 30 years of civil war have torn Sudan apart and divided the country between the Government controlled north of the country and rebel held territory in the south.
The Sudanese People's Liberation Army, SPLA, often poorly armed, has been defending its' villages and people from frequent aerial and land raids from government troops. Child soldiers, some as young as 8 years old, are often deployed to the front line. Many have been killed or maimed.
South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011.
Heavily armed SPLA soldier